What is plastic injection molding?
Plastic injection molding is a manufacturing process that involves melting plastic material and then injecting it into a mold to shape a finished product. This process is widely used in the industry due to its ability to efficiently and economically produce parts with high precision and uniformity in large quantities.
The plastic injection molding process consists of several key steps, including plastic material mixing, melting, injection, and cooling and demolding. Once the plastic material has been melted, it is injected into the mold using a rod or piston, and allowed to cool until the plastic has solidified and acquired the desired shape.
The result is a fine and precise piece with unique and customized properties, depending on the type of plastic material used and mold specifications. Plastic injection molding is a versatile process and is used in a wide range of applications, but at Plásticos Lezo we specialize in the lighting and household appliances sector.
How does the injection process work?
The plastic injection process is a complex system that involves several key steps to produce high-quality parts. Below, I describe the general steps of the process:
1. Mixing of plastic material
The plastic material is mixed with additives, such as pigments or stabilizers, to produce the material that will be used for injection.
The mixed plastic material is melted by applying heat in a container known as a melting unit and is kept at a constant temperature to ensure its uniformity.
The melted material is injected into the mold using a rod or piston. The rod or piston moves towards the mold and presses into the material to fill all the details of the mold.
Once the material has been injected into the mold, it is allowed to cool so that the plastic material solidifies and acquires the desired shape.
Once the plastic material has solidified, the mold is removed and the finished piece is extracted.
It is important to note that the plastic injection process is highly automated and controlled by a computer system that regulates the injection speed, pressure, and temperature, ensuring the production of high-quality and uniform parts.
What material is used for plastic injection molding?
There is a wide variety of plastic materials that can be used for plastic injection, each with its own unique characteristics and properties. Some of the most common plastic materials we use at Plásticos Lezo are:
It is a high-strength, flexible, and economical plastic material that is used in a wide range of applications, from packaging to storage containers.
It is a lightweight, strong, and moisture-resistant plastic material used in electrodomestic pieces, electronic device cases, and furniture parts.
It is a transparent and impact-resistant plastic material used in applications that require high strength and transparency, such as lamps, camera and lens protection.
ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene)
It is a lightweight and durable plastic material used in a wide range of applications, from toys to electronic casings.
It is a strong, durable, and flexible plastic material used in applications that require high mechanical strength, such as lighting parts and sports products.
These are just some of the most common plastic materials used in plastic injection. There are many other types of plastic materials available, and the choice of the right material depends on the specific properties required for the finished product.
Main sectors we work with
What is injection molding?
Injection molding is a plastic manufacturing process used to produce parts and components with precise shapes and complex details. In this process, a thermoplastic polymer is melted and injected into a closed mold, where it cools and solidifies to take the desired shape.
Injection molding is a fast, precise, and efficient process that allows for the production of large quantities of parts quickly and at a low cost. Additionally, it enables the manufacturing of parts with special features, such as the incorporation of reinforcing elements, the integration of electronic components, and the production of parts with smooth surfaces and complex details.
Advantages of injection molding
The advantages of plastic injection molding include:
- High precision and narrow tolerances: Injection molding allows for the production of parts with precise shapes and narrow tolerances.
- High production volumes: Injection molding is a fast and efficient process that allows for the production of large quantities of parts quickly.
- Flexible design: Injection molding allows for the production of parts with a wide range of shapes and sizes, including parts with complex details and special features.
- Low cost per part: Injection molding allows for efficient and low-cost production of parts, especially when producing large quantities.
- Component integration: Injection molding allows for the integration of electronic, mechanical, and other components into the plastic part.
- Smooth and fine surfaces: Injection molding allows for the production of parts with smooth surfaces and fine details.
- Versatile materials: Injection molding allows for the use of a wide range of plastic materials, each with its own unique properties.
- Automated process: Injection molding is a highly automated process that allows for efficient and repeatable production.
Machinery for the plastic injection process
The machinery for the plastic injection process requires a variety of specialized machines and equipment, some of which include:
- Injection machine: It is the main machine that performs the injection process. The machine is composed of a melted plastic cylinder that is injected into the mold.
- Mold: It is the form used to shape the plastic piece. It can be a single cavity or multiple cavities.
- Oven: The oven is used to heat the plastic material before injecting it into the mold.
- Robot: Robots are used to load and unload the parts from the mold and to transfer the parts to other areas of the plant.
- Control system: The control system is used to monitor and control the injection process and to ensure the quality of the parts produced.
- Feeding system: The feeding system is used to supply the plastic material to the injection machine.
- Auxiliary equipment: Other auxiliary equipment can also be used, such as a cooling system, a cleaning station, and a waste treatment system.
Complying with quality control